Package org.jgrapes.webconsole.base

package org.jgrapes.webconsole.base
Provides the components for building web consoles based on the core, io and http packages.


A web console built with the components provided here is a single page application (SPA) that —from the user’s point of view— consists of a fixed frame with configurable content. The frame provides some means to add content (typically by using a dropdown menu) and to configure global settings such as the locale.

The content of the frame is provided by web console display components or “conlets” for short. These components typically provide a summary or preview display that can be put on an overview panel in a dashboard style and a large view that is supposed to fill the complete frame. Tabs or a menu in a side bar can be used to switch between the overview panel(s) and the large views of the different conlets.

The following sections provide a step by step introduction to the components and their interactions. How to combine the components to a complete web console is shown in the example console application.

Web Console Components

WebConsole and ConsoleWeblet

The WebConsole component is conceptually the main component of a web console. It exchanges events with the display components and helper components, using channels that are independent of the channel used for the communication with the browser.

The WebConsole component is automatically instantiated as a child component of a ConsoleWeblet which handles the communication with the HttpServer and thus with the browser. You can think of the ConsoleWeblet/WebConsole pair as a gateway that translates the Input/Output related events on the HTTP/WebSocket side to web console related events and vice versa.

Web Console Structure

In the browser, the web console is implemented as a single page application (SPA). The ConsoleWeblet provides the initial HTML document that implements the basic structure of the web console. Aside from additional HTTP requests for static resources like JavaScript libraries, CSS, images etc. all information is then exchanged using JSON messages sent over a WebSocket connection that is established immediately after the initial HTML has been loaded. The information exchanged includes, in particular, the registration of web console display components and helper components, which are described below.

ConsoleWeblet is an abstract class that has to be extended by derived classes such as VueJsConsoleWeblet. The derived classes provide the resources for an actual console page. This allows differently styles consoles to be build on a common foundation. The ConsoleWeblet provides some JavaScript classes functions that can be used to build the SPA.

Page Resource Providers

The initial HTML document may already include some JavaScript resources which are required to implement the basic functions (such as providing the header with the web console related menus). The web console display components may, however, require additional libraries in order to work. While it is possible for the web console display components to add libraries, it is usually preferable to add such libraries independent from individual web console display components in order to avoid duplicate loading and version conflicts. This is done by PageResourceProviders that fire the required events on web console startup (see below).

Web Console Display Components

Web console display components (“conlet components”) represent available content types. When a display component is actually used (instantiated) in the web console, state information that represents the instance has to be created and maintained on the server side. How this is done is completely up to the web console display component. A common approach, which is supported by the display component base class AbstractConlet, is shown in the diagram above.

Using this approach, the display component creates a data object for each instance as an item stored in the browser session. This couples the lifetime of the data instances with the lifetime of the general session data, which is what you’d usually expect. Note that the data object is conceptually a view of some model maintained elsewhere. If the state information associated with this view (e.g. columns displayed or hidden in a table representation) needs to be persisted across sessions, it’s up to the web console component to do this, using a persistence mechanism of its choice.

The functionality that must be provided by a web console display component with respect to its presentation on the web console page will be discussed later, after all component types and their interactions have been introduced.

Web Console Policies

Web console policy components are responsible for establishing the initial set of web console display components shown after the web console page has loaded. Usually, there will be a web console policy component that restores the layout from the previous session. KVStoreBasedConsolePolicy is an example of such a component.

There can be more than one web console policy component. A common use case is to have one policy component that maintains the web console layout across reloads and another component that ensures that the web console is not empty when a new session is initially created. The demo includes such a component.

Console Channels

Web Console Channels

The ConsoleWeblet receives the requests from the browser on IOSubchannels of a channel (the “httpChannel”) which is passed to the constructor in its first parameter. This is the channel used by the components that constitute the web server, i.e. the HttpServer and helper components such as a SessionManager.

A second channel passed to the ConsoleWeblet’s constructor (usually simply Channel.SELF) is forwarded to the WebConsole as its component channel (the “consoleChannel”). For each WebSocket connection, the ConsoleWeblet creates a ConsoleConnection as an IOSubchannel of the “consoleChannel”. This ConsoleConnection is then used to exchange the data between the SPA page that opened the WebSocket connection and the display components and helper components that together constitute the web console. Using a WebSocket for this communication requires some special considerations which are described in the documentation of the class ConsoleConnection.

Some handlers (e.g. onConsoleCommand) that should conceptually be provided by the WebConsole are actually implemented as methods of the ConsoleWeblet because they result in events being sent to the browser and communication with the browser is the ConsoleWeblet’s main concern.

Web Console Session Startup

Web Console Page Loading

The following diagram shows the start of a web console session up to the exchange of the first messages on the WebSocket connection.

Boot Event Sequence

After the web console page has loaded and the WebSocket connection has been established, all information is exchanged using JSON RPC notifications. The ConsoleWeblet processes Input events with serialized JSON RPC data from the WebSocket channel until the complete JSON RPC notification has been received. The notification (a JsonInput from the servers point of view) is then fired on the associated ConsoleConnection channel, which allows it to be intercepted by additional components. Usually, however, it is handled by the WebConsole that converts it to a higher level event that is again fired on the ConsoleConnection channel.

Components such as web console components or web console policies respond by sending ConsoleCommands on the ConsoleConnection channel as responses. The ConsoleCommands are handled by the ConsoleWeblet which serializes the data and sends it to the WebSocket using Output events.

Web Console Session Preparation and Configuration

The diagram below shows the complete mandatory sequence of events following the web console ready message. The diagram uses a simplified version of the sequence diagram that combines the ConsoleWeblet and the WebConsole into a single object and leaves out the details about the JSON serialization/deserialization.

WebConsole Ready Event Sequence

The remaining part of this section provides an overview of the preparation and configuration sequence. Detailed information about the purpose and handling of the different events can be found in their respective JavaDoc or in the documentation of the components that handle them. Note that the these detailed descriptions use the simplified version of the sequence diagram as well.

The preparation sequence starts with AddPageResources events fired by the PageResourceProvider components in response to the ConsoleReady event. These cause the web console page to load additional, global resources.

In parallel (also in response to the ConsoleReady event), each display component fires an AddConletType event. This causes the web console page in the browser to register the web console component type in the web console’s menu of instantiable display components and to load any additionally required resources.

When all previously mentioned events have been processed, the web console is considered prepared for usage and a ConsolePrepared event is generated (by the framework as CompletionEvent of the ConsoleReady event). This causes the web console policy to send the last known layout to the web console page in the browser and to send RenderConletRequest events for all display components (instances, to be precise) in that last known layout. These are the same events as those sent by the browser when the user adds a new web console component instance to the web console page. The web console policy thus “replays” the creation of the web console components and the portal page uses the last layout information to restore the previous positions.

As completion event of the ConsolePrepared event, the framework generates a ConsoleConfigured event which is sent to the web console, indicating that it is now ready for use.

Web Console Session Use

After the web console page has been configured, the system usually waits for input from the user. Changes of the layout of the web console page result in events such as AddConletRequest, RenderConletRequest and ConletDeleted.

Actions on web console components trigger JSON messages that result in NotifyConletModel events which are processed by the respective display component. If, due to the results of the action, the representation of the display component on the web console page must be updated, the web console component fires a NotifyConletView event.

NotifyConletView events can also be sent unsolicitedly by web console components if the model data changes independent of user actions.

Writing a web console display component (Conlet)

Web console display components (“conlets”) are components that consume and produce events. They don’t have to implement a specific interface. Rather, they have to exhibit a specific behavior that can be derived from the descriptions above. The documentation of the base class AbstractConlet summarizes the responsibilities of a web console component.

Display components consist of (at least one) Java class and HTML generated by this class. Optionally, a display component can contribute style information and JavaScript (see AddConletType). It may (and should) make use of the styles and classes provided by the web console JavaScript object in the browser page.

See Also: